National Academy of Science and Technology, Philippines

The country's premier recognition and advisory body on Science and Technology

Confernment of the newly-elected Corresponding Member, Dr.Josefino C. Comiso
L-R: NAST Acting President Acd. Fabian M. Dayrit, DOST Undersecretary for Scientific and Technological Services Dr. Carol C. Yorobe, Dr. Josefino C. Comiso and his wife Diana J. Comiso, Acd. Jaime C. Montoya
Policy Forum on Federalism in the Philippine Context
Dr. Magno explained a “Federalist Design Philippines” in the context of culture, politics, and economic conditions of the country.
Policy Forum on Federalism in the Philippine Context
Dr. Mendoza explained the rationale of decentralization bought about by federalism, which is seen as part of democratizing of the country and bringing governance closer to the people.
Policy Forum on Bataan Nuclear Power Plant: What is its Future?
Engr. Carlos M. Villaraza mainly focused his talk on various analyses to aid in evaluating the state of BNPP such as hazard-risk-vulnerability analysis, response spectrum analysis, and nonlinear time-history analysis. He explained that hazard-risk-vulnerability analysis aims to aid people to make risk-based choices to attend to vulnerabilities, mitigate hazards, and prepare for response to and recover from any hazard events.
Policy Forum on Bataan Nuclear Power Plant: What is its Future?
Acd. Alfredo Francisco Mahar As. Lagmay, member of MPSD and professor at the National Institute of Geological Sciences (NIGS) of the University of the Philippines (UP) Diliman, gave his lecture entitled, “Geological hazards of SW Natib Volcano, site of the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant, the Philippines.
Policy Forum on Bataan Nuclear Power Plant: What is its Future?
Dr. Bartolome C. Bautista, deputy director of the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), explained the current hazards information around the BNPP site.
NAST-CMU Seminar on “Why Rice is Not Good For You?”
Tree Planting in Commemoration of National Scientists
NAST PHL held a tree planting in Commemoration of the National Scientists last November 15, as part of the year-long celebration of its 40th Anniversary with the theme “40 Years in Pursuit of Excellence”
National Scientist Bienvenido Nebres, S.J. met Pope Francis during the Jesuits’ 36th General Congregation held in Rome on October 24, 2016
InterAcademy Partnership (IAP) for Health Workshop on Addressing Inequities in Health: Fostering Action on Social Determinants on October 3-4, 2016 at The Manila Hotel
The organizing committee of the workshop: (L-R) Dr. Carlo Irwin A. Panelo, Dr. Mario C. Villaverde, Dr. Fely Marilyn E. Lorenzo, National Scientist Ernesto O. Domingo, Academician Carmencita D. Padilla, and Dr. Don Eliseo Lucero-Prisno III
InterAcademy Partnership (IAPdres) for Health Workshop on Adsing Inequities in Health: Fostering Action on Social Determinants on October 3-4, 2016 at The Manila Hotel
Representatives from the academe, medical institutions, government, and national academies of science and medicine in the ASEAN region participated in the two-day workshop.
AASSA-NAST PHL Workshop on the Role of Science Academies on Sustainable Development
The National Academy of Science and Technology, Philippines (NAST PHL), through the Agricultural Sciences Division (ASD) and in partnership with the Philippine Carabao Center (PCC), held the Roundtable Discussion on Screening of Genetic Defects in Domestic Livestock Industry on May 14, 2015 at Acacia Hotel Manila.
 
The RTD focused on animal breeding and development, particularly genetic defects screening of breeder stocks in commercial farms.
 
Dr. Michelle M. Balbin, science research specialist II of the PCC, discussed common genetic defects in domestic animals. Dr. Balbin gave a background on the local livestock production and genetic improvement program. She discussed the impacts of animals with genetic defects to the industry, which include lower production, physical deformities, and deadly diseases.
 
According to Dr. Balbin, not all animals show signs of genetic defects. Some animals are carriers that will pass on the defect to the next generation. Dr. Balbin reiterated the importance of testing the herd for the presence of genetic defects to avoid economic losses from genetic defects.
 
She enumerated common defects in domestic animals, with focus on cattle and water buffalo.. She also discussed genetic defects on swine, sheep, goat, and horse.
Dr. Ming-Che Wu, division chief of Breeding and Genetics, Taiwan Livestock Research Institute, talked about screening for genetic defects in domestic animals.  He explained the ACTION scheme: Aware status, Core facility, Team ready, In-time service, Outreach system, and Niche management.
 
According to Dr. Wu, the action scheme was established for the genetic improvement of elite breeding stocks in private farms of Taiwan using DNA-based screening for genetic defects.

The aware status is for understanding the tools and information they used and further improving them; core facility is about having “key tools” in building data banks; team-ready means having a public-private partnership for a better breeding program; in-time service is for having immediate screening results when needed; outreach system is for assistance of new members; and lastly, niche management evaluates the economic value and outcome of each allelic gene.
 
Dr. Marcos B. Valdez Jr., OYS 2012 and associate professor, Science Cluster, University of the Philippines Cebu, gave the synthesis of the discussions. Dr. Valdez stated the importance of considering the upcoming ASEAN integration this 2015 in creating a policy on screening for genetic defects in important livestock animals. The ASEAN integration will open markets for trade in the ASEAN countries. According to him, we need to identify measures to ensure that livestock animals that will enter the Philippine market are free from genetic defects.
 
Acd. Libertado C. Cruz, member of the ASD, served as the focal person and the moderator of the RTD. (Aislynn Fabiola G. Manuel)